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History Of Nonwovens

Dec. 31, 2019

I. Development of non-woven textile industry

As of 1998, the world ’s non-woven consumption has reached 2.4 million tons. In 1970, its consumption was only 400,000 tons, and by 2007, its consumption is expected to reach 4 million tons. Non-woven fabric manufacturers are mainly concentrated in the United States (41% of the world), Western Europe accounts for 30%, Japan accounts for 8%, China's output accounts for only 3.5% of the world, and its consumption is 17.5% of the world.

Man-made fibers still dominate the production of non-woven fabrics, and this situation will not change much until 2007. Worldwide, 63% of the fibers used in nonwovens production are polypropylene, 23% are polyester, 8% are viscose, 2% are acrylic, 1.5% are polyamide, and the remaining 3% are fiber.

The use of non-woven fabrics in sanitary materials, pharmaceuticals, vehicles, and footwear has increased significantly.

 Disposable Medical Products

Disposable Medical Products

Production and consumption of non-woven fabrics

Global non-woven consumption was 800,000 tons in 1983, and increased to 1.1 million tons in 1985 and 1.4 million tons in 1988. By 1998, global non-woven consumption reached 2.4 million tons. It is estimated that In 2005, its consumption could reach 3.7 million tons.

The consumption of man-made fibers used in various textiles was 16.9 million tons in 1983, increased to 20.4 million tons in 1988, and reached 30.4 million tons in 1998. It is estimated that by 2005, its consumption will be 37 million tons. 2007 Can reach 38.3 million tons per year.

The growth rate of consumption of man-made fibers in the production of non-woven fabrics is expected to reach 10% by 2005 and 10.4% by 2007. Part of the reason for the rapid growth in consumption in the nonwovens industry is the increase in auxiliary industries in China, Southeast Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.

Factors affecting the growth rate of non-woven fabrics

All the factors that affect the growth of man-made fibers can more or less affect textiles made of man-made fibers as raw materials, of which non-woven textiles have the greatest impact. The population growth factor has a smaller impact on non-woven fabrics than other textiles used in apparel. However, if the important application of non-woven fabrics in baby diapers is considered, population growth is also an important factor. The replacement of natural fibers has a greater impact on textiles, but has less impact on non-woven fabrics, because the production of non-woven fabrics basically depends on artificial fibers.

The commercial development of man-made fibers and the professional application of non-woven fabrics: Due to the establishment of international economic treaties, the trade in microfibers, composite fibers, biodegradable fibers and new polyester fibers has grown. This has a great impact on non-woven fabrics, but has a small impact on apparel and knitted textiles. Replacement of textiles and other supplies: This includes being replaced by non-woven textiles, knitted textiles, plastic films, polyurea foam, wood pulp, leather, etc. This is determined by the cost and performance requirements of the product. Introduce new, more economical and efficient production processes: that is, various articles made of polymers, the application of competitive new non-woven fabrics, and the introduction of special fibers and non-woven textile additives.

The three major fibers used in the production of non-woven fabrics are polypropylene fibers (62% of the total), polyester fibers (24% of the total) and viscose fibers (8% of the total). From 1970 to 1985, viscose fibers were used most in the production of non-woven fabrics. In 2000-2005, in the field of hygienic absorbent materials and medical textiles, the application of polypropylene fibers and polyester fibers began to dominate. In the early non-woven production market, the amount of nylon was very large. From 1998, the amount of acrylic fiber began to rise, especially in the field of artificial leather manufacturing.

There are many huge projects in China's various constructions, such as the Three Gorges Project, Xiaolangdi Project, environmental protection projects, western development, infrastructure construction, and so on. These will greatly promote the use of geotextiles, filter materials, waterproof materials, and packaging materials consumption. In addition, the increase in domestic consumer income will also strongly stimulate the consumption of disposable medical products and air filter materials, disposable hygiene products , and labor insurance and sports supplies. Therefore, the non-woven fabric industry still has great growth potential in the future.

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